Agni 5 is the newest ballistic missile (ICBM) developed by India. It is a three-stage solid-fuel missile with a range of over 5,000 kilometers (3,100 miles). The Agni 5 was developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO), a government agency responsible for the development of defense technology in India. It is part of the Agni series of missiles, which includes the Agni 1, Agni 2, Agni 3, and Agni 4. The Agni 5 is India's most advanced ICBM, and is capable of carrying a nuclear warhead. It was first test-fired in 2018 and has since undergone several successful test launches.
The Agni 5 is different from its predecessors in a number of ways. Some of the key features and capabilities that set it apart include:
Range: The Agni 5 has a range of over 5,000 kilometers (3,100 miles), making it India's longest-range missile. This allows it to reach targets deep inside enemy territory.
Payload: The Agni 5 is believed to be capable of carrying a nuclear warhead, as well as conventional payloads.
Accuracy: The Agni 5 has a highly accurate guidance system, which allows it to hit targets with a high degree of precision.
Mobility: The Agni 5 is a road-mobile missile, which means it can be easily transported and launched from a variety of locations.
Solid fuel: The Agni 5 is powered by a solid-fuel rocket motor, which gives it a quick launch capability and makes it easier to maintain and store.
Re-entry vehicle: The Agni 5 has a re-entry vehicle that is capable of withstanding the extreme heat and stress of re-entering the Earth's atmosphere at high speeds.
The testing of the Agni 5 missile was generally seen as a significant milestone for India's defense capabilities. However, it was was also met with some concern from other countries in the region, particularly China and Pakistan. Both countries have expressed concern about the increasing military capabilities of India, and the testing of the Agni 5 was seen as further evidence of India's growing military might. There were also concerns that the testing could lead to an arms race in the region, as other countries may feel the need to develop or acquire similar weapons in order to keep up.
The missile is seen as a strategic deterrent for India, as it gives the country the ability to deliver a nuclear strike on targets deep inside enemy territory. By having a missile with such a long range, India is able to hold at risk important targets in countries like China and Pakistan, which are both considered to be potential adversaries. This can help to deter potential attacks on India and promote stability in the region.
In addition to its role as a deterrent, the Agni 5 also gives India a more credible nuclear deterrent, which can help to reassure its allies and partners. It also enhances India's status as a regional power and demonstrates the country's growing military capabilities.
The development of the Agni 5 has also helped to boost the country's indigenous defense industry and has created new job opportunities in the field of missile development and production.